Fish Species

European Spiny Lobster

European Spiny Lobster - Description

The European Spiny Lobster is also known by the name: Crayfish, Cray, Common Spiny Lobster, Red Lobster , Langouste or Rock Lobster.

It is commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea but is also found in the Eastern Atlantic, it is caught for food and is considered a delicacy.

Popular Name: European Spiny Lobster
Species: Palinurus elephas

Profile of the European Spiny Lobster

This Profile contains interesting facts and information about the European Spiny Lobster species.

  • Size: Can grow up to 60cm, average size is 25cm to 30cm

  • Diet / Feeding: Worms, Dead Fish and Crabs

  • Habitat: 20-70m Depth along rocky coasts

  • Range: Eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean

Scientific Classification of the European Spiny Lobster

Definition: Scientific classification, or biological classification, is how biologists group and categorize species of organisms with shared physical characteristics. Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

  • Species: Palinurus elephas

  • Popular Name: European Spiny Lobster - Crayfish - Cray - Common Spiny Lobster - Red Lobster - Langouste - Rock Lobster

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Arthropoda

  • Class: Malacostraca

  • Order: Decapoda

  • Family: Palinuridae

Crustaceans Index

Facts about Fish Species - European Spiny Lobster

The colours, shapes and sizes of individual fishes varies enormously - you really need excellent quality pictures or photographs to assist in the identification process.


A combination of the number of fins and their characteristics, color, scale counts, general features, maximum length and distribution are used during a species identification process.

The species detailed on this website are Tropical, Saltwater, Aquarium , Marine , Pet , Pond, Clown, Koi,
Beta (Betta), Gold Fish (Goldfish), Star, Angel, Puffer, Discus, Piranha, Rainbow, Parrot, Crustaceans, Sea Anemones and Coral.

For more information and pictures of the European Spiny Lobster visit the
Full Fish Species Website

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